Gold Mining and Prospecting Glossary in Start Your Own Gold Mine program

Gold Mining and Prospecting Glossary in Start Your Own Gold Mine program

Welcome to the Start Your Own Gold Mine program! Our website features a comprehensive glossary of terms related to gold mining and prospecting. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced miner, our glossary is designed to provide you with a valuable resource to enhance your knowledge and understanding of the industry. From basic terminology to advanced concepts, our carefully curated glossary covers everything you need to know about gold mining, including terms like placer mining, lode deposit, dredging, panning, and much more. Whether you are looking to embark on your own gold mining venture or simply want to expand your knowledge, our glossary is your go-to reference. Start exploring today and unlock the secrets of gold mining and prospecting with Start Your Own Gold Mine!


Definitions of words

For the full understanding of what is being offered, it is good to review the definitions of the words used.


A skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft, including mining.


It relates to artisan.

Artisanal mining

It is the most common rudimentary mining activity as conducted in Africa, usually by societies and people independent from each other


Assay, in the context of mining and metallurgy, refers to the analysis or testing of a sample to determine the composition, purity, or concentration of valuable minerals or metals. It involves laboratory procedures and techniques to quantitatively measure the presence and quality of specific elements or compounds within a sample. Assay results are used to assess the economic viability of a mineral deposit and determine the potential value of extracted material.

Aqua Regia

aqua regia, nitrohydrochloric acid – (a yellow fuming corrosive mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acid that dissolves metals (including gold))


It is a solid layer of the Earth’s crust. Bedrock underlies streams and forms an impenetrable layer that traps gold and other heavy materials.


Those are ancient deposits of river-borne sand and gravel that may now be quite some distance from the present waterway.


It is brown or white material, usually containing rocks and gravel that are cemented together tightly with calcium carbonate. Commonly encountered in dry, desert placers.


A claim, in the context of mining and mineral exploration, refers to a legal right or ownership to explore and extract minerals from a specific area of land. It grants the claim holder the exclusive right to search for and exploit valuable minerals within the defined boundaries of the claim.

Key points about mining claims:

  1. Legal Ownership: A mining claim represents a legal entitlement granted by a government authority, such as a mining regulatory agency or land management agency. It establishes the claim holder’s right to the minerals within the designated area, subject to applicable laws and regulations.

  2. Boundaries and Size: A claim has defined boundaries that outline the extent of the area over which the claim holder has exclusive mineral rights. The size of a claim can vary and is often determined by local regulations or the mining authority.

  3. Exploration and Extraction Rights: Holding a mining claim grants the claim holder the right to explore and extract minerals within the claim area. This typically involves activities such as prospecting, drilling, excavation, and processing of minerals.

  4. Obligations and Requirements: Claim holders may be subject to various obligations and requirements, such as conducting environmental assessments, fulfilling reclamation responsibilities, and complying with mining laws and regulations.

  5. Duration and Validity: The duration and validity of a mining claim are typically determined by the specific laws and regulations of the jurisdiction in which the claim is held. Claim holders may need to renew or maintain their claims periodically and meet certain requirements to retain their exclusive mineral rights.

Mining claims are an important aspect of mineral rights and play a significant role in the exploration, development, and extraction of minerals from the land.


Colors are small pieces or specks of gold.


Concentrates, in the context of mining and processing of ores, refer to materials that have undergone a separation process to increase the concentration of valuable minerals or metals. It involves reducing the bulk of the ore to a smaller volume while retaining a higher proportion of the target minerals.

Here are key points about concentrates:

  1. Production: Concentrates are produced through various techniques such as crushing, grinding, gravity separation, flotation, or other methods specific to the type of ore. These processes aim to separate valuable minerals or metals from the surrounding matrix or gangue minerals.

  2. Increased Concentration: Concentrating the minerals or metals reduces the volume of the material, making it more manageable for transportation, further processing, or refining.

  3. Composition: Concentrates consist predominantly of the desired minerals or metals and may still contain small amounts of impurities or other elements. The specific composition depends on the ore being processed and the separation techniques employed.

  4. Commercial Value: Concentrates are often the intermediate product that holds significant commercial value, as they contain a higher concentration of the target minerals or metals.

Once concentrates are obtained, they may undergo additional processing steps such as smelting, roasting, or refining to further purify or extract the desired elements. Concentrates play a crucial role in the mining and metallurgical industry, serving as the feedstock for subsequent processes to extract the valuable components efficiently.


It is providing professional and expert advice. The program Start Your Own Gold Mine is consulting and mentor guided program. Condition for it to work is that client has to adhere to the guidance and consulting.


It is small-scale mining method in which tightly-packed sand and other material is removed from cracks and crevices in bedrock, usually with pry bars and/or thin scraping tools. Once removed, any gold content may be recovered by gravitational methods.


It is naturally accumulated minerals.


It is a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) passageway in a mine.


Dredging is a method used in mining and excavation to extract materials such as minerals, ores, or sediments from underwater or submerged areas. It involves the use of a dredge, which is a specialized vessel or equipment designed to remove material from the bottom of bodies of water or from underwater deposits.

Here’s how dredging typically works: 1. The dredge is positioned in the water, either floating or on a platform that can move along the water body. 2. The dredge uses various mechanisms such as suction, mechanical cutting, or hydraulic action to loosen and remove the sediment or material from the bottom. 3. The material is then transported through pipes or conveyors to a processing or disposal area. 4. The extracted material may undergo further processing to separate valuable minerals or components from the dredged material. 5. The dredged area is typically backfilled or restored after the extraction process is completed.

Dredging is commonly used in various industries, including mining, construction, environmental cleanup, and navigation to deepen waterways or remove sediments for different purposes.


It is something that happens at a given place and time

False bedrock

Any hard layer that acts like bedrock in trapping gold. Clay, volcanic ash and caliche often serve as false bedrock.

Financial freedom

It is the state of having enough wealth to enjoy the life and do whatever one wants to do without worries about money. All we want is to help clients, our companies and our partners to achieve financial freedom.


It is coming into being, formation. To generate wealth, both client and the consultant shall work closely together so that our resources get used as intended and that wealth can be generated.

Geographic location

It means identification of a point or an area on the Earth’s surface or elsewhere.


Gold is a soft yellow malleable ductile metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia. Knowing the metal helps greatly in its recovery.

Gold bearing ore

It means the ore containing enough gold profitable to be mined.

Gold mining

Gold mining is the act of extracting gold bearing ores from the earth and it includes a full metallurgy process until the production of the valuable final product - gold.

Gold present

Gold present is the amount of gold actually existing or present in the deposit.

Gold recoverable

Gold recoverable is the amount of gold which can be extracted from the deposit by the use of any of the well known processes, such as a pan, sluice box, concentrator, centrifugal separator, dry washer, or any other process of ore processing.

Gold rush

A gold rush is a period of intense migration and rapid population growth in a region or area due to the discovery of significant gold deposits. It typically involves a sudden influx of prospectors and miners hoping to capitalize on the newfound gold wealth. Gold rushes have occurred throughout history, most notably during the 19th century in various parts of the world, such as California, Australia, and the Klondike region in Canada.


Gradient is a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension.


Guiding is to conduct in a course of action or path. From our side we direct the course and determine the direction of actions. From client’s side is necessary to follow the course and directions of actions.

Hard rock mining

Hard rock mining, also known as underground mining, is a method of extracting minerals or metals from solid rock formations deep beneath the Earth’s surface. It involves accessing the ore deposit by creating tunnels or shafts and using specialized mining equipment to extract the valuable minerals or metals embedded within the hard rock.

Here are key features of hard rock mining:

  1. Underground Access: Hard rock mining requires excavation of tunnels, shafts, or adits (horizontal passages) to gain access to the mineral deposit.

  2. Extraction Methods: Once access is established, various methods are employed to extract the mineralized rock. These can include drilling, blasting, and mechanical or manual methods such as drilling and blasting or using heavy machinery like rock drills, loaders, and haul trucks.

  3. Support Systems: Underground infrastructure is essential to maintain safety and structural integrity. Support systems, such as timber, rock bolts, mesh, and shotcrete, are used to stabilize the tunnel walls and ceilings.

  4. Ore Processing: Extracted ore undergoes further processing to separate and refine the valuable minerals or metals from the surrounding rock. This can involve crushing, grinding, chemical processes, and other techniques to extract the desired material.

Hard rock mining is typically employed to extract minerals like gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, and other ores that are embedded in solid rock formations. It requires specialized knowledge, equipment, and safety precautions due to the challenging conditions and potential hazards associated with underground mining.


Highbanking means using a sluice box, possibly some distance from a waterway, aided by a stream of pumped or diverted water.


Homogenous means all of the same or similar kind or nature.


Integrated is formed into a whole. The whole Start Your Own Gold Mine program consists of many parts formed into a whole, so that actual production may start quickly. Client is responsible to be present and adhere to the strategic and tactical planning.


Inorganic means lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms


Lode refers to host rock that contains gold. Lode gold may be free milling and appear as stringers, thick sheets or fine wires; or it may be so minute that a microscope is required to see it.


Mentor is wise and trusted guide and adviser. Our company and assigned other authorized companies and staff members represent the mentor party. The consulting and guidance is performed by the company, through the assistance of mentor Mr. Jean Louis and other mentors, together with the team, that may be assigned by the company. Consultant may provide multiple mentors. The initial mentor is Mr. Jean Louis.

Metal detector

A metal detector is a handheld or stationary electronic device used to detect the presence of metal objects or metallic materials in various settings. It consists of a coil or antenna that emits an electromagnetic field and detects changes in the field caused by the presence of metal. Metal detectors are commonly used in a range of applications, such as security screening, archaeological exploration, treasure hunting, and geological surveys. They rely on the principle of electromagnetic induction to identify and locate metallic objects underground, underwater, or on the surface.


Metallurgy is the science and technology of metals. We employ metallurgists, geologists, mining engineers and use the scientific approach for gold recovery purposes.


Minerals are solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition


Nugget is a solid lump of a precious metal (especially gold) as found in the earth.


An ore is a natural aggregation of minerals from which metal or metallic compound can be recovered with profit on a large scale. When the per cent of metal is too low for profitable extraction, the rock ceases to be an ore. The rock has to be tested to determine this point. Reference: Samplings Series No. 2, page 2-3

Ore dump

An ore dump is a pile or pile or heap of ore. The ore making up a dump is usually selected roughly for each particular dump, that is, high grade ore is usually dumped in one pile, medium in another, and waste discarded. Reference: Samplings Series No. 2, page 2-3


Particle is a tiny piece of anything.


Paydirt refers to soil or sediment that is believed to contain valuable minerals, particularly in the context of prospecting or small-scale mining. It is the material that miners or prospectors collect from areas they believe may have valuable deposits and process to extract the desired minerals, such as gold, silver, or gemstones.

Paydirt can be obtained through various methods, including surface sampling, prospecting, or purchasing from reputable sources. It is typically collected from areas where mineralization is suspected or known to occur. The paydirt is then processed using techniques like panning, sluicing, or other extraction methods to recover the valuable minerals from the sediment.

The term “paydirt” implies that the collected material has the potential to yield a worthwhile or profitable amount of minerals. However, the actual success of finding valuable minerals within the paydirt can vary, depending on the location, geological conditions, and the skills of the prospector.


Placer is a deposit of mineral-bearing gravel, sand or soil. It is an alluvial or glacial deposit of and/or gravel containing particles of gold or other valuable minerals.

Placer gold

Gold eroded from its host rock and now mixed with sand and/or gravel is considered placer gold.


Prospecting is exploration for useful or valuable things or substances, such as minerals. It is locating and evaluating the quantity and worth of potential valuable minerals. Prospecting includes panning, which often is used to determine the gold content of placer and/or crushed lode materials.

Prospecting Check

Prospecting Check essential, practical and controlled gold verification action conducted by Start Your Own Gold Mine staff members and clients that drastically increases the knowledge of the gold in potential and tangible gold bearing ores.


Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms arranged in a continuous framework of silicon-oxygen tetrahedra. It is one of the most abundant minerals found in the Earth’s crust and comes in a variety of colors and crystal forms. Quartz is known for its hardness and durability, making it a highly sought-after material for various industrial and decorative purposes.

Here are some key characteristics of quartz: - Chemical Formula: SiO2 (silicon dioxide) - Crystal Structure: Hexagonal - Hardness: 7 on the Mohs scale (out of 10), making it relatively resistant to scratching - Specific Gravity: 2.65 - Appearance: Typically transparent to translucent, but can also occur in opaque forms - Varieties: Well-known varieties include clear quartz, amethyst, citrine, rose quartz, and smoky quartz, each with its own distinct color and properties.

Quartz is widely used in the production of glass, ceramics, electronics, and semiconductors due to its excellent optical and electrical properties. It is also a popular gemstone and is frequently used in jewelry and ornamental objects.

Quartz vein

A quartz vein, also known as a vein deposit or lode, is a geological formation characterized by the presence of a concentrated zone or fracture filled with quartz minerals within a host rock. It is a type of hydrothermal deposit that forms when hot fluids carrying dissolved minerals, including quartz, infiltrate and precipitate within fractures or fissures in the surrounding rock.

Quartz veins typically have a distinct appearance and can vary in thickness, ranging from a few centimeters to several meters. They often exhibit a banded or veined texture, with alternating layers of quartz and other minerals. Quartz veins can be found in various types of rock formations, including sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks.

These veins are significant in mining and exploration as they often contain valuable minerals, including gold, silver, and various metallic ores. The presence of quartz veins can be an indicator of potential mineralization and can help guide prospecting and exploration efforts. The discovery and extraction of minerals from quartz veins have been a primary source of precious metals throughout history.


RCD is an acronym for Reach, Connect, Deliver formula that through very practical application leads to Wealth Generation. We provide services to our clients in the same manner like we use those services for ourselves.


Report is a written document describing the findings of some individual or group


Sample is a collection of fragments or pieces from a deposit which contains exactly the same minerals in exactly the same proportions as they exist in the deposit.


Sampling is the act of collecting samples.

Sampling, in the context of mining and mineral exploration, refers to the process of collecting representative samples of rocks, soils, or other materials from a target area in order to assess its geological characteristics, mineral content, or other relevant properties.

Key points about sampling in mining:

  1. Purpose: Sampling is conducted to gather information about the quality, quantity, and distribution of minerals or other valuable substances within a specific area. It helps in making informed decisions about the potential viability of a mining project.

  2. Techniques: Sampling techniques can include drilling, trenching, channel sampling, grab sampling, or collecting samples from outcrops or exposed rock surfaces. The selection of the appropriate sampling method depends on factors such as the nature of the target material, the objective of the sampling, and available resources.

  3. Sample Representativeness: It is crucial to ensure that collected samples accurately represent the overall characteristics and variations of the target area. Proper sampling protocols, such as random sampling, systematic sampling, or stratified sampling, are employed to minimize bias and obtain reliable results.

  4. Sample Preparation: Collected samples often undergo various preparation processes, including crushing, grinding, and homogenization, to ensure consistency and reduce particle size for subsequent laboratory analysis.

  5. Laboratory Analysis: Collected samples are typically sent to a laboratory for analysis to determine the mineral content, grade, and other relevant parameters. Analysis methods can include chemical assays, mineralogical examinations, and physical tests.

Sampling plays a fundamental role in exploration, mining, and resource estimation, as it provides valuable data for decision-making throughout the mining process. Accurate and representative sampling is essential for assessing the economic viability of a potential mining deposit and guiding subsequent mining activities.


Shaft is a long vertical passage sunk into the earth, as for a mine or tunnel.


A sluice is a long, inclined trough or channel that is used in placer mining to separate gold or other valuable minerals from sediment or gravel. It is a simple yet effective method of gold recovery. Sluices are typically made of wood, metal, or plastic and have riffles or grooves along the bottom.

Here’s an example of how a sluice works: 1. Sediment and gravel containing gold-bearing material are shoveled or fed into the upper end of the sluice. 2. Water is introduced into the sluice, creating a flow that carries the lighter sediment downstream. 3. As the water and sediment flow through the sluice, the heavier gold particles become trapped behind the riffles or in specialized matting. 4. The remaining sediment and lighter materials wash out the end of the sluice. 5. The trapped gold particles can then be collected from the sluice for further processing or recovery.

Small scale mining

Small scale mining refers to the practice of mining minerals or ore deposits on a smaller and more localized scale compared to large-scale mining operations. It typically involves manual labor or small machinery and is often carried out by individuals or small groups of miners. Small scale mining operations are characterized by their limited production capacity, relatively low investment costs, and simpler extraction and processing methods.


Straightforwad is easy to understand, not complicated. The Start Your Own Gold Mine is straightforward under condition that our client follows our guidance.


Stringer is small or very thin veinlets of mineral, usually in other rock.


Tailings is the remaining part of already processed ores. Tailings are the waste materials produced during mining, extraction, or processing operations. They consist of pulverized rock, minerals, and other residual materials that remain after valuable minerals have been extracted from the ore. Tailings are typically in a slurry or semi-solid form and are stored in tailings ponds or designated areas. The composition of tailings can vary depending on the type of ore being processed but often contains a mixture of water, fine mineral particles, chemicals, and other contaminants. Proper management and disposal of tailings are crucial to mitigate environmental and safety risks associated with mining operations.

Tangible gold bearing ore

Tangible gold bearing ore is ore that we are dealing with. We do not deal with ores that are not tangible, maybe written or identified in some reports or vague hearsay stories. We are looking for tangible gold bearing ores.


Turnkey is fully functional and ready to use. The gold recovery technology is fully functional and appropriate for three types of ores such as tailings, alluvial and eluvial gold recovery and lode gold in rocks. With several hundreds of mining licenses, xref:recruitment-pool[recruitment pool], and the knowledge, the program offers turnkey solution for small scale mining startups.

Verbal Gold Prospecting

Verbal gold prospecting is fastest method known to come to the gold in rural and non-developed areas of the world. Face to face interviews with inhabitants of villages, miners, their relatives and friends is so far fastest and inexpensive method to find the sources of ores with good gold grade.


Wealth is the state of being rich and affluent or having a plentiful supply of material goods and money. Gold mining can be a very subjective business that sometimes can be thought of, as looking for a needle in a hay stack. Sometimes even the wealthiest mining companies experience failure when exploring and mining for gold. Both client and consultant enter this agreement with realistic expectations and the knowledge that gold mining cannot offer absolute guarantee of financial gains or the attainment of limitless wealth. However both parties being of sound reason accept all the inherent associated risks of gold mining.

There exists many other definitions of mining technologies. The above definitions relate to this page and the business program named Start Your Own Gold Mine.

Contact us to Start Your Own Gold Mine

Contact us to Start Your Own Gold Mine. There is a simple rule at Start Your Own Gold Mine: if we can help you, we do, whenever and wherever necessary, and it's the way we've been doing business since 2002, and the only way we know

Contact Mr. Jean Louis by Telegram icon Telegram at username @rcdrun or by WhatsApp icon WhatsApp Business. Or call Mr. Louis at +256706271008 in Uganda or send SMS to +256706271008

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